A coronavirus vaccine won’t be ready until the end of next year under the “most optimistic of scenarios,” according to Pasi Penttinen from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)

“Vaccine development is a hugely complicated and expensive process,” he told Sky News, adding that there were multiple stages of human trials involved to make sure it was safe and effective.

“On top of that, you need to make sure in this kind of situation of your manufacturing capacity, which essentially is sufficient for the whole world.”

“Having a one-and-a-half to two year timeline to get that done is nothing short of a miracle.”